There are several control strategies available to prevent the spread of influenza. Josephine County will use a comprehensive approach following federal and state recommendations.
Because of the way influenza is spread, the most important control measures are frequent hand washing, staying home when ill, and covering your cough. The same controls should be used during a pandemic. Influenza viruses are primarily transmitted from person to person when respiratory droplets of coughs and sneezes (called "droplet spread") from an infected person are propelled (generally up to 3 feet) through the air and deposited on the mouth or nose of people nearby. Though much less frequent, the viruses can also be spread when a person touches respiratory droplets on another person, or an object, and then touches their own mouth or nose (or someone else’s mouth or nose) before washing their hands.
Josephine County will consider implementing other control measures, on a voluntary basis, depending on the characteristics and severity of the pandemic strain.
q Social Distancing: measures designed to reduce personal interactions and thereby reduce transmission risk such as:
o Canceling events (concerts, movies, etc.)
o Canceling school
o Shutting down or limiting mass transit
o Declaring "snow days" (closing non-essential business, schools, etc.)
q Quarantine: the separation and restriction of movement or activities of persons who are not ill, but who are believed to have been exposed to infection, for the purpose of preventing transmission of disease.
q Isolation: the separation and restriction of movement or activities of ill persons who have a contagious disease, for the purpose of preventing transmission to others