The Earned Discharged Program (EDP) in Josephine County is based upon the use of the standardized and validated Oregon Case Management System Risk Assessment Tool. (“Risk” refers to the probability of reoffending.) According to the Oregon Department of Corrections, (“Evidence Based Practices”, 2010) offenders who are assessed as 'limited risk' re-offend at a rate of one-in-ten, while those assessed as 'high risk' re-offend at a rate of six-in-ten. Research has shown that subjecting lower risk offenders to a more intrusive level of supervision in the criminal justice system is detrimental and causes more harm (Andrews, Bonta and Hoge 1990).
Offenders are assessed utilizing qualified risk tools, and those that have the lowest risk to re-offend are supervised by a single officer through referral shortly after Intake or transfer from higher risk caseloads. Reduced Supervision tracks the offender’s supervision to completion. The offender must report any change in address or employment, any contact with law enforcement, and must receive permission for out-of-state travel. The offender must fully comply with all supervision conditions. New criminal activity or violation behavior is addressed with an array of interventions, sanctions and/or redirection, which can include transfer to a field service officer for more intensive supervision, jail/revocation, electronic monitoring and/or work crew/community service. Offenders must rely on their own ability to cease criminal activities and complete supervision.
The EDP provides minimal intrusion into the offender’s day-to-day life, takes care not to subject the offender to more substantial participation in the criminal justice system and encourages increased self-sufficiency of the offender. This supervision method allows more effective case management and appropriate use of resources for higher risk offenders.
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